Garden Route Media - Jargon

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XML

Stands for Extensible Markup Language. XML is a specification for creating other, custom markup languages. It’s an extensible language because it allows for the user

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XHTML

Stands for Extensible Hypertext Markup Language. Basically, XHTML is HTML 4.0 that has been rewritten to comply with XML rules.

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Web Server

A web server is a computer that has software installed and networking capabilities that allow it to host web sites and pages and make them

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Usability

Usability refers to how easy it is for a visitor to your site to use your site in its intended manner. In other words, are

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URL

Stands for Uniform Resource Locator. A site’s URL is its address, the item that specifies where on the Internet it can the found.

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Template

A template is a file used to create a consistent design across a website. Templates are often used in conjunction with a CMS and contain

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Tag

A tag is a set of markup characters that are used around an element to indicate its start and end. Tags can also include HTML

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Server-side

Server-side refers to scripts run on a web server, as opposed to in a user’s browser. Server-side scripts often take a bit longer to run

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Semantic Markup

In semantic markup, content is written within XHTML tags that offer context to what the content contains. Basic semantic markup refers to using items like

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Selector

In CSS, the selector is the item a style will be applied to.

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Script

Generally refers to a portion of code on an HTML page that makes the page more dynamic and interactive. Scripts can be written in a

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Resolution

Refers to the physical number of pixels displayed on a screen (such as 1280×1024). Unlike in print, display resolution does not refer to the number

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RSS

RSS is a standardized XML format that allows content to be syndicated from one site to another. It’s most commonly used on blogs. RSS also

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Pseudo Class

Like pseudo-elements, pseudo classes are used to add special effects to certain CSS selectors.

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Pseudo Element

A pseudo-element is an element used to add a special effect to certain selectors.

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Property

Property is a CSS term and is roughly equivalent to an HTML tag. Properties are what define how a style should appear on a given

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Plug-in

A plug-in is a bit of third party code that extends the capabilities of a website. It’s most often used in conjunction with a CMS

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Permalink

Short for “permanent link.” Generally used only on blogs, a permalink is a link that is the permanent web address of a given blog post.

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Open Source

Open source refers to the source code of a computer program being made available to the general public. Open source software includes both web-based and

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Navigation

Navigation refers to the system that allows visitors to a website to move around that site. Navigation is most often thought of in terms of

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Meta Tags

A meta tag is an HTML tag used to include meta data within the header of your web page.

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Liquid Layout

A liquid layout is one that is based on percentages of the browser window’s size. The layout of the site will change with the width

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Meta Data

Meta data is the data contained in the header that offers information about the web page that a visitor is currently on. The information contained

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Link Farm

A link farm is any website setup specifically to increase the link popularity of other websites by increasing the number of incoming links to that

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Landing Page

A landing page is the page where a visitor first enters a website. Oftentimes, a special landing page is created to elicit a specific action

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LAMP

Stands for Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP (or sometimes Perl or Python), and is referring to the specifications of a web server (defining the operating

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Inline Style

Elements with CSS written directly around the element it affects, instead of in a separate style sheet or header style.

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IFRAME

Short for Inline Frame. An iframe is used to display one or more web pages within another normal web page (one that isn’t a frameset

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Image Map

An image map is used in XHTML to allow different parts of an image to become different clickable elements (and can also allow some portions

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Hypertext

Hypertext is any computer-based text that includes hyperlinks. Hypertext can also include presentation devices like tables or images, in addition to plain text and links.

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